Semantics

Introduction

Semantics is the study of linguistic meaning. Semantics is the study of meaning (as opposed to form/syntax, for example) in language. Normally semantics is restricted to "meaning out of context" - that is, too meaning so far as it can be determined without taking context into account.

Contents

Vocabulary

the particular selection or types of words chosen in speech or writing

synonymy

A denotes the same as B

antonymy

A denotes the opposite of B

hyponymy

A is subordinate of B; A is kind of B

hypernymy

A is superordinate of B

A superordinate is a general word which is the name for a category/ type of thing, e.g. vehicle is the superordinate for car, bus, train, bike etc; job is the superordinate for postman, teacher, computer scientist, politician etc.

meronymy

A is part of B, i.e. B has A as a part of itself

holonymy

B is part of A, i.e. A has B as a part of itself

troponymy

A is subordinate of B; A is kind of B