An adjective describes or gives more information about a noun or pronoun, e.g. a cold day. A demonstrative adjective shows whether something is near or far from the speaker, e.g. this (near), that (far). An -ing/-ed adjective describes things or feelings. An -ing adjective describes things or people, e.g. The book is very interesting. An -ed adjective describes feelings, e.g. I am very interested in the book. A possessive adjective shows who something belongs to, e.g. my, our. A superlative adjective compares more than two things, e.g. He is the tallest boy in the class. An adjective is a word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it. An adjective is a word that modifies or describes or specifies a noun or pronoun. An adjective is a word that modifies a noun by specifying an attribute of the noun. Adjectives are also used as the complements of sentences with verbs like "be" and "seem" - "He is happy", "He seems drunk". An adjective may also be used with a copular verb.
she is polite.
Adjectives are usually associated with a noun which they act to modify in a noun phrase.
Adjectives of colour, like red, size or shape, like round or large, along with thousands of less classifiable adjectives like willing, onerous, etc.
A nice day.
Adjectives modify nouns and have three forms or degrees:
Positive - new
Comparative - newer
Superlative - newest
The following table shows a list of adjectives.
An adjective is a word that modifies a noun. There are two basic types of adjectives: descriptive and limiting.
A descriptive adjective describes a noun. That is, it shows a quality or condition of a noun:
She is an upstanding citizen.
Josh has invited his zany friends.
That was a mighty clap of thunder.
I prefer the white shirt with the long sleeves.
A limiting adjective shows the limits of a noun. That is, it indicates the number or quantity of a noun, or it points out a certain specificity of a noun. There are three types of limiting adjectives: numerical adjectives, pronominal adjectives, and articles. A numerical adjective is a number.
It may be cardinal (how many) or ordinal (in what order):
A pronominal adjective is a pronoun that acts as an adjective. A pronominal adjective may be personal (my, our, your, his, her, their, its), demonstrative (this, that, these, those),indefinite (all, any, few, other, several, some),or interrogative (which, what).
We loved her goulash.
The squirrel returned to its nest.
Pick any card from the deck.
All luggage will be inspected.
At dawn, a helicopter broke the silence.
An usher seated us.
The paintings lacked imagination.
Comparison of adjectives
Descriptive adjectives are able to indicate qualities and conditions by three degrees of comparison: positive, comparative, and superlative. Adjectives may be compared in downward or upward order. For downward comparisons, all adjectives use the words less (comparative) and least (superlative.
(the quality or condition) (a degree lower than the positive) (the lowest degree of the positive)
For upward comparisons, there are three different formats:
(the quality or condition) (a degree higher than the positive) (the highest degree of the positive)
Almost all one-syllable adjectives use the endings er (comparative) and est (superlative. Some adjectives with two or more syllables follow this format as well.
Most adjectives with two or more syllables use the words more (comparative) and most (superlative. Most one-syllable adjectives may use this format as an optional alternative to using ???er and ???est.
Some adjectives have irregular forms.