Potential

Introduction

Form

The verb form ~られます is used to state that something is able to happen.

Use

Example

日本語が読みます。

I read Japanese.

日本語が読めります。

I can read Japanese.

Example

べます。

I eat.

べられます。

I am able to eat.

Example

さかなべます。

I eat fish.

さかなべられます。

I can eat fish.

It is also used to request some action from someone, in the exact sense of the English "Can you ... ?"

Example

コーヒー買える?

Can you buy some coffee?