Perfect

Introduction

The past perfect tense indicates an event that was completed at some point in the past. The past perfect tense is formed with the word had. It shows action that occurred in the past, prior to another past action:

Form

VERB-て + いた

had done

Use

Example

べんきょうしていた。

Studying existed.

Example

べんきょうしていた。

Studying did (then) exist(ed).

Example

べんきょうしていた。

Had studied.